Reconciliation Action Plans

2021 RAP Conference

The third national National Reconciliation Action Plan (RAP) Conference 2021 has wrapped!

The entirely virtual event finished with live sessions hosted on 23-25 February.

Thanks to all who participated making this a memorable conference for all.

What is a RAP?

The Reconciliation Action Plan (RAP) program provides a framework for organisations to support the national reconciliation movement.

No matter where your organisation is on its reconciliation journey, there is a RAP to suit.  Schools and early learning services can develop a RAP through Narragunnawali. Workplaces can be supported to develop one of four types of RAP—Reflect, Innovate, Stretch or Elevate.


A RAP is a strategic document that supports an organisation’s business plan. It includes practical actions that will drive an organisation’s contribution to reconciliation both internally and in the communities in which it operates.

The RAP Program contributes to advancing the five dimensions of reconciliation by supporting organisations to develop respectful relationships and create meaningful opportunities with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.

Each of the four RAP types (Reflect, Innovate, Stretch, Elevate) set out the minimum elements required from your organisation to build strong relationships, respect and opportunities within your organisation and community.

Schools and Early Learning Services

Schools and early learning services can develop a RAP through Narragunnawali: Reconciliation in Education.

Narragunnawali supports all schools and early learning services in Australia to foster a higher level of knowledge and pride in Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander histories, cultures and contributions.

The Narragunnawali platform is free to access and hosts a wealth of professional learning and curriculum resources to support the development, implementation and management of RAPs in schools and early learning services.

Workplace RAP Framework

Reconciliation Australia’s RAP Framework provides organisations with a structured approach to advance reconciliation.  There are four types of RAP that an organisation can develop: Reflect, Innovate, Stretch, Elevate. Each type of RAP is designed to suit an organisation at different stages of their reconciliation journey.


– Scoping reconciliation

A Reflect RAP clearly sets out the steps you should take to prepare your organisation for reconciliation initiatives in successive RAPs. Committing to a Reflect RAP allows your organisation to spend time scoping and developing relationships with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander stakeholders, deciding on your vision for reconciliation and exploring your sphere of influence, before committing to specific actions or initiatives. This process will help to produce future RAPs that are meaningful, mutually beneficial and sustainable.




Implementing reconciliation

An Innovate RAP outlines actions that work towards achieving your organisation’s unique vision for reconciliation. Commitments within this RAP allow your organisation to be aspirational and innovative in order to help your organisation to gain a deeper understanding of its sphere of influence, and establish the best approach to advance reconciliation. An Innovate RAP focuses on developing and strengthening relationships with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, engaging staff and stakeholders in reconciliation, developing and piloting innovative strategies to empower Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples.



– Embedding reconciliation

A Stretch RAP is best suited to organisations that have developed strategies, and established a strong approach towards advancing reconciliation internally and within the organisation’s sphere of influence. This type of RAP is focused on implementing longer-term strategies, and working towards defined measurable targets and goals. The Stretch RAP requires organisations to embed reconciliation initiatives into business strategies to become ‘business as usual’.





– Leadership in reconciliation

An Elevate RAP is for organisations that have a proven track record of embedding effective RAP initiatives in their organisation through their Stretch RAPs and are ready to take on a leadership position to advance national reconciliation. Elevate RAP organisations have a strong strategic relationship with Reconciliation Australia and actively champion initiatives to empower Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and create societal change. Elevate RAP organisations also require greater transparency and accountability through independent assessment of their activities.

Note: Please contact Reconciliation Australia if you are aspiring to undertake an Elevate RAP as there are unique requirements, expectations and processes to consider prior to commencement.



Why develop a RAP?

RAPs are making a difference across Australia in workplaces, universities, schools, government and community organisations.

The RAP framework enables organisations to contribute to reconciliation by:

  • building and encouraging relationships between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples, communities, organisations, and the broader Australian community
  • fostering and embedding respect for the world’s longest surviving cultures and communities.
  • develop opportunities within your organisation or services to improve socio-economic outcomes for Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and communities.

By developing a RAP, your organisation can:

  • implement a tried and tested framework, that is proven to drive reconciliation through practical actions
  • turn your organisation’s good intentions into action by formalising your organisation’s commitment to reconciliation
  • reaffirm institutional integrity by embedding an engaging framework contributing towards good governance practices.
  • join a dynamic, supportive and fast growing network of RAP organisations.
  • gain greater esteem as an employer of choice and build a more dynamic and diverse workforce
  • enable your staff to develop greater cultural awareness and professional development practices that will strengthen relationships with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander stakeholders
  • gain access to new markets and better engagement with existing markets
  • ensure more effective and relevant service delivery to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and communities.

The terms ‘Reconciliation Action Plan’ and ‘RAP’ are valued trademarks of Reconciliation Australia. We are proud to share the RAP logo with organisations that work with us through our feedback and quality assurance process to develop a RAP that meets quality requirements.

For enquiries about the RAP Program email

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