Australian Reconciliation Barometer

The Australian Reconciliation Barometer (ARB) measures attitudes towards reconciliation, using the five dimensions of reconciliation – race relations, equality and equity, unity, institutional integrity, and historical acceptance – to inform data collection and analysis.

The Barometer is a biennial, national research study, undertaken by Reconciliation Australia since 2008. It is the only survey undertaken in Australia that measures the progress of reconciliation between Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people and non-Indigenous Australians.


A family discuss racism in sports at the 2022 Long Walk in Melbourne
The 2022 Australian Reconciliation Barometer found increased experiences of racism among Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people. Here a family dicusses racism in sports during the 2022 Long Walk in Melbourne. Photo: Poppy Paraw, courtesy of Reconciliation Victoria

The 2022 Australian Reconciliation Barometer shows that Australia’s journey towards reconciliation and greater justice for First Nations Peoples is on track.

It shows the building blocks of reconciliation are becoming embedded in Australia’s thinking – including Voice, Treaty and Truth, as well as trust and national cohesion. However, it also indicates that experiences of racism are increasing.

Survey notes

  • 532 Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander people (associated with a margin of error of +/-4.2%)  
  • 1990 non-indigenous people (associated with a margin of error of +/-2.2%.)
  • The combined total base sample of 2522 is associated with a margin of error of +/-1.9%
  • Both samples weighted to be representative in terms of age group, gender and location (state and territory populations), as per Australian Bureau of Statistics 2021 Census data.
  • A key change in 2022 has been the combination of non-Indigenous and First Nations samples to create the final general community sample. This was necessary to accommodate the new survey questions designed for non-Indigenous or First Nations respondents only.


Read the 2022 Australian Reconciliation Barometer summary and full report

Read the Media Release

Reconciliation has never been the exclusive domain of one side of politics, or of a particular party, and has always had multi-partisan support. Watch the panel as they discuss the latest barometer results at its launch in Canberra.
Paul House with gum leaves and smoke
Paul Girrawah House

Paul Girrawah House has multiple First Nation ancestries from the South-East Canberra region, including the Ngambri-Ngurmal (Walgalu), Pajong (Gundungurra), Wallabollooa (Ngunnawal) and Erambie/Brungle (Wiradyuri) family groups.

Paul acknowledges his diverse First Nation history, he particularly identifies as a descendant of Onyong aka Jindoomang from Weereewaa (Lake George) and Henry ‘Black Harry’ Williams from Namadgi who were both multilingual, essentially Walgalu-Ngunnawal-Wiradjuri speaking warriors and Ngunnawal–Wallaballooa man William Lane aka ‘Billy the Bull’ - Murrjinille.

Paul was born at the old Canberra hospital in the centre of his ancestral country and strongly acknowledges his First Nation matriarch ancestors, in particular his mother Dr Aunty Matilda House-Williams and grandmother, Ms Pearl Simpson-Wedge.

Paul completed a Bachelor of Community Management from Macquarie University, and Graduate Certificate in Wiradjuri Language, Culture and Heritage and Management from CSU.

Paul provided the Welcome to Country for the 47th Opening of Federal Parliament in 2022. Paul is Board Director, Ngambri Local Aboriginal Land Council, Member Indigenous Reference Group, National Museum of Australia and Australian Government Voice Referendum Engagement Group.  

Paul works on country with the ANU, First Nations Portfolio as a Senior Community Engagement Officer

Acknowledgement of Country

Reconciliation Australia acknowledges Traditional Owners of Country throughout Australia and recognises the continuing  connection to lands, waters and communities. We pay our respect to Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander cultures; and to Elders past and present. 

Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples should be aware that this website contains images or names of people who have passed away.

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